Adoption in Minnesota: What You Need to Know
Adopting a child can involve a series of very complicated, expensive court proceedings and other requirements, including intense background checks, personal interviews, and being matched with a particular child through an adoption agency. It is never advised to begin a legal process as serious as adoption without taking the time to seek out an experienced adoption attorney in Minneapolis, MN to represent you. As a family law matter, the adoption process is regulated at the state level in Minnesota. While the intricacies in adoption law are incredibly important to realize, the life-changing emotional aspect of becoming a parent through adopting a child into your family should not be overlooked.
The state of Minnesota permits any person to be adopted, including adults. Anyone who is 14 years or older is required to consent to their adoption in writing before it can be finalized. In order to adopt a child in Minnesota, you are required to have lived in the state for one year or longer. However, this residency requirement can be reduced or waived by a family court judge, if doing so would clearly be in the child’s best interests.
Most states, including Minnesota, require all prospective adoptive parents to cooperate with an adoption home study and a background check. Minnesota additionally requires a home residency requirement of three months before the adoption can be finalized. This residency requirement can as well be waived by the court if the judge sees fit.
Understanding the Basics of Minnesota Adoption Law
It can be difficult to understand adoption law due to the fact that statutes are usually written in legal jargon. It is important to work with an adoption attorney in Minneapolis, MN, who can provide you with an overview of the laws that affect your case in plain English. Adoption, at its core, is a legal process that transfers all parental rights and responsibilities to a person who is not the biological parent of the individual being adopted. Some of the most common reasons parents choose to adopt a child include:
- The inability to produce a biological child
- The desire to have a child as a same sex couple
- A stepparent who wishes to take on the parental rights and responsibilities of an absent biological parent
- Relatives or foster parents who wish to permanently parent a child in their care
- A pregnant birth mother and a married couple who wish to arrange a direct adoption